Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoinflammatory disease of the brain and spinal cord. It mainly affects the white matter tissue (myelin tissue) (myelin tissue) which isolates aksons – single fibers of nervous cells that transfer the impulses between upper motor neuron (UMN) in brain with lower motor neuron (LMN) in spinal cord. When myelin sheath thinners and finally disappears the

information from the brain reaches the LMN with ‘wrong’ timing. the effect of that is the movement that is inaccurate and poorly coordinated.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition which affects around 100,000 people in the UK.

Most people are diagnosed between the ages of 20-40, but it can affect younger and older people too.

Roughly three times as many women have MS as men.

Throughout the disease process of MS, patches of damage called plaques or lesions appear in the brain and spinal cord.

There are different types of Multiple Sclerosis characterised by the course of the disease.

  • Relapsing and remitting multiple sclerosis where the person can fully or partially recover from the symptoms.

  • Progressive relapsing and remitting follows a progressive pattern with relapses along the way with reduced recovery in between relapses.